Tropical Forests exist in all the islands of the Archipelago. Some are in better condition than others. Particularly good examples are Mimitimbi and Big Bight, in Colon island, those of Bastimentos island, those within the Marine Park, those on Solarte Cay, San Cristobal island, Popa Island and Cayo Agua. The forest on Solarte Cay is different to the others, in that it is a mature secondary forest. The trees here have regenerated since of the abandonment of the banana plantations on the island.
300 species of plants have been recorded, with many Crabwood, Guaruba, Oak, and Yellow trees. In areas with poor light penetration, there are epiphytes and ferns. In recovering forest, the Cotonron, Cerillo, Wild Plum, and the fig Higueron are common
In the forests you will find trees like the cerillo (Symphonia globulifera), the mayo negro (Vochysia ferruginea), the mayo blanco (Vochysia hondurensis), the breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), the cedro bateo (Carapa guianensis), the laurel (Cordia alliodora), the jira (Socratea durissima) and the níspero (Manilkara zapota).
Among the trees you will find various fruits growing wild. The pineapple (Ananas comosus), the lemon (Citrus limon), the coconut (Cocos nucifera), the mango (Mangifera indica), the guayaba (Psidium guajava), the cacao (Theobroma cacao) and the platano (Musa sapientum).
On the forest floor there are wild orchids ( Encyclia fragrans and Epidendrum eburneum).
Bocas del Toro Ecosystems